They may diagnose and treat hormone imbalances in the endocrine organs, which include the pituitary, thyroid, adrenals, ovaries, testes and pancreas. Some of the conditions that are treated by an endocrinologist include cancers of the endocrine glands, cholesterol or lipid disorders, diabetes, hypertension, infertility, lack of growth, menopause, metabolic disorders, osteoporosis, over or under production of hormones and thyroid diseases.
Don’t look so worried…the main reason I have included the endocrinologist is that many FM patients have problems with their thyroid (not necessarily all that other stuff!)
Endocrinologists must deal with many systems within the body, and researchers in the endocrinology field have tried to determine how the glands work. Researchers have also developed new drugs and treatments for hormone problems.
After medical school, several years of internship and residency in the fields of pediatrics or obstetrics and gynecology, besides specific instruction about hormone diseases, are required before a clinician can become an endocrinologist.
Diagnosis often encompasses evaluating for a variety of symptoms and requires knowledge of clinical chemistry and biochemistry. Many laboratory tests also are used, including diagnostic imaging. Managing these diseases often requires long-term treatment and may involve treating the patient as a whole and maintaining observation of changes at the cellular or molecular level.