What is Occupational Therapy (O.T.)?

Occupational Therapy focuses on enabling people to live satisfying and meaningful lives by helping them participate in the occupations they want to do, need to do and are expected to do.

The term occupation refers to activities of everyday life including self-care (bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, feeding), household (cooking, cleaning, shopping), community involvement, work or study and leisure/ recreation pursuits.

Why do some people need Occupational Therapy (OT)?

  • People’s ability to perform their every day tasks may be affected by an illness, accident, injury or the process of aging.

Occupational Therapists assess:

  • People’s physical, cognitive and psychosocial capacities, skills and difficulties in performing their chosen occupations.
  • The environments in which people perform their occupations e.g. home assessments
  • The unique ways in which individuals participate in occupations.

Occupational Therapy interventions are designed to:

  • Enable people to participate in their chosen occupations by building people’s skills and capacity, providing education, providing assistive equipment and modifying environments.
  • Enable people to participate in everyday tasks which help people fulfil their roles such as worker, parent, spouse, sibling and friend.
  • Promote health and well-being through encouraging people to engage in occupations that enhance health.


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